Mohamed Siad Barre, was born 1910 and died January 2, 1995. He was a Somali general who served as the President of the Somali Democratic Republic from 1969 to 1991 and the third overall President of Somalia.
Barre, a major general of the gendarmerie by profession, became President of Somalia after the 1969 coup d’état that overthrew the Somali Republic following the assassination of President Abdirashid Ali Shermarke.
The Supreme Revolutionary Council military junta under Barre reconstituted Somalia as a one-party Marxist–Leninist communist state, renaming the country the Somali Democratic Republic and adopting scientific socialism, with support from the Soviet Union.
Barre’s early rule was characterized by attempts at widespread modernization, nationalization of banks and industry, promotion of cooperative farms, a new writing system for the Somali language, and anti-tribalism.
The Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party became Somalia’s vanguard party in 1976, and Barre started the Ogaden War against Ethiopia on a platform of Somali nationalism and pan-Somalism.
Barre’s popularity was highest during the seven months between September 1977 and March 1978 when Barre captured virtually the entirety of the Somali region.
It declined from the late-1970s following Somalia’s defeat in the Ogaden War, triggering the Somali Rebellion and severing ties with the Soviet Union.
Opposition grew in the 1980s due to his increasingly dictatorial rule, growth of tribal politics, abuses of the National Security Service including the Isaaq genocide, and the sharp decline of Somalia’s economy.
In 1991, Barre’s government collapsed as the Somali Rebellion successfully ejected him from power, leading to the Somali Civil War, and forcing him into exile where he died in Nigeria in 1995.
Drop your thoughts and let’s know what you think. Please don’t forget to click on the notification button to keep following Ghana Africa News for more updates and developments. Share to inform more people.
Send your news stories to [email protected] and via WhatsApp on +233 273 445 123.